To be, or not to be, that is the question. Shakespeare never quite gets around to answering it, though. In Drupal 7, a similar existential question arises regarding entity references: Is it, or is it empty? Unlike Will, we can answer this question.
With other field types, we can check to see if the field is empty by doing something like this:
if (sizeof($form_state['values']['field_x'][LANGUAGE_NONE]) > 0)
but with an entityreference field, it is never completely empty. When it contains no value, $form_state['values']['field_x'][LANGUAGE_NONE] looks like this:
0 => array(
'target_id' => '',
'add_entityconnect_field_x_0_' => 'New content'
'edit_entityconnect_field_x_0_' => 'Edit content'
If you need to check whether target_id contains a valid value ( > 0 ) then you will need to interrogate it directly, but if the needs is only to check whether it is empty or non-numeric, use this: